Official Name: Jamhuri ya Kenya (Swahili); Republic of Kenya (English)
Total Area (Sq Mi): 228,561
Population (2020 est.): 48,417,000
Location: Coast of East Africa
Monetary Unit: Kenyan shilling (K Sh)
Kenya’s flag is based on the Kenya African National Union and after independence in 1963 from England, was officially adopted. The Maasai shield and crossed spears represent the traditional Kenyan way of life. The Maasai are nomadic pastoral people who lived in the Great Rift Valley of Kenya to Tanzania. Nairobi is the capital city today but historically it was Mombasa. Swahili and English are the national languages, but there are 69 languages spoken with two broad language families, Niger-Congo (Bantu branch) and Nilo-Saharan (Nilotic branch).
The human history of Kenya dates back millions of years and some of the earliest fossilised human remains were found there. The Cushites first settled in the lowland between 3,200 and 1,300 BC.
In the mid-1880s when Germany, France and Britain were carving up East Africa, and the Imperial British East African Company (IBEACO) was set up to develop African trade in the areas controlled by the British. The British were interested in East Africa because it would connect trade in Africa from South Africa to Egypt. Kenya’s Economy is the largest in East Africa and it’s main industries are tea, coffee and most recently fresh flowers. Tourism is also a major economic driver.